Chiropractic Sports Injuries (ICSC) #01 of 10: Head Injuries in Sport

The purpose of this module is to provide doctors of chiropractic with training in the evaluation, treatment and management of sport related concussion, hematomas, and facial injuries. The module will discuss: sport related concussion including definition, examination, mechanism of injury, cervico/cranial syndrome, and management). Subdural, epidural, and intracerebral hematomas as well as increased intracranial pressure will be discussed. Finally, injuries of the eye, ear, nose, and mouth which are commonly seen in sport will be presented.


The study of the effects of head injuries is constantly evolving. As we all know a concussion is common in many sports and recreational activities. It is critical that all doctors who are working at International games as part of the FICS team have updated knowledge of head injuries, presentations, and understanding of prolonged symptoms, complications, and sport regulations. If you have completed a head injury module in the last two years you may apply for advanced standing of this module. If you are using research papers as part of your evidence, papers on impact exposure only do not satisfy the full scope of a head injury review. Research papers need to show an understanding of the assessment of and prolonged symptoms and/or cognitive deficits in the short term, as well as depression and cumulative deterioration in brain function in the longer term.

Head Injury Module Learning Objectives:

  1. Recognize and identify the signs and symptoms of sports concussion.
  2. Describe and develop a return to activity and return to learn plans for an athlete who has sustained a concussion.
  3. Conduct a sideline sports concussion examination and interpret the findings of the sports concussion exam.
  4. Describe the mechanism of injury of sports concussion.
  5. Differentiate between cervical spine strain and concussion signs and symptoms.
  6. Identify proper management of a cervical spine injury as it relates to sports concussion.
  7. Identify nutritional intervention that may aid in recovery from sports concussion.
  8. Recognize the legal aspects associated with evaluation, diagnosis, and management of sports concussion.
  9. Recognize and identify the signs and symptoms of intracranial hematoma.

Recognize the difference in signs and symptoms between intracranial hematoma and sports concussion.

  1. Describe the similarities and differences between subdural, epidural, intracerebral hematoma.
  2. Describe the signs and symptoms associated with increased intracranial pressure.
  3. Recognize the most common facial injuries which occur in sport.

Demonstrate understanding of the treatment of various oral, eye, ear and nasal injuries occurring in sport.

  1. Identify signs and symptoms of oral, eye. ear and nasal injuries in sport.